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Showing posts from 2016

Big Crunch

One of the most important and proportional hypothesis of the ultimate fate of several other universes is the Big Crunch. The Big Crunch involves metric expansion of space eventually reverses and the universe re-collapses, ultimately ending as a black hole singularity or causing a reformation of the universe starting with another big bang, which has been agreed by many cosmologists as well as astrophysicists. Ultimate fate of universe is often treated as a subject with relative conflict of interests. This term involves equal numbers to agree and disagree upon. First up, we know the Big Bang theory is a cosmological model for the universe that accounts for the fact, the universe expanded from a very high density and high temperature state, and offers a comprehensive explanation for a broad range of phenomena, including the abundance of light elements, the cosmic microwave background, large scale structure and Hubble's Law (1. Objects observed in deep space are found to have a Doppl…

Will Earth Survive?

What will happen to the Sun 5 billion years from now, and how will it impact the planets in our Solar System, specifically Earth?
To answer that, a team of astronomers from Belgium have set their sights on a distant star called L2 Puppis, which lies 208 light-years away and provides an accurate depiction of what might happen when our Sun turns into a red giant.
The team of astronomers from the University of Leuven in Belgium is using a star that – 5 billion years ago – could have been the Sun’s twin, to witness our Solar System’s future. And it's not looking great.
"We discovered that L2 Puppis is about 10 billion years old," said team member Ward Homan.
"Five billion years ago, the star was an almost perfect twin of our Sun as it is today, with the same mass. One-third of this mass was lost during the evolution of the star. The same [thing] will happen with our Sun in the very distant future."
To pull this observation off, the team used the European Southern …

Superconductivity- A New Theory

An  international team of scientists have announced the discovery of new state of matter in a material that appears to be an insulator, superconductor, meta and magnet combined together, that could lead to the development of more effective high-temperature superconductors. Why does this attract each of our attention? Practical energy production involves materials and resources that usually gets worn out at higher temperatures, resulting in retreat of all the steps taken ahead. Superconductivity is a phenomenon of exactly zero electrical resistance and expulsion of magnetic flux fields occurring in certain materials when cooled below characteristic temperature. The electrical resistance of a metallic conductor decreases gradually as temperature is lowered. An electric current flowing through a loop of superconducting wire can persist indefinitely with no power source. This quantum mechanical phenomenon is characterized by Meissner effect that states, the complete ejection of magnetic …

Acoustic Metamaterials

Limitations set by men, are often broken by the same set. To know more than what we have been provided with is what we need and work upon. Our world of science has taken us to a place far enough to engineer materials have properties different from its default nature. Metamaterials are materials engineered to satisfy the statement above. They derive their properties from their newly designed structures, such as their precise shape, geometry, size and orientation gives them their smart properties capable of manipulating electromagnetic waves; by blocking, absorbing, enhancing or bending waves, to attain profit over a large scale which the conventional materials fail to provide. Metamaterials have opened doors to many ideologies and theories that involve headline hitting discoveries. They consist of composite materials with small inclusions and/or intricate structuring that can average out over a wavelength. There are various types of metamaterials over changing their primary properties …

Baba Vanga

Grandmother Vanga was a blind bulgarian mystic, clairvoyant, and herbalist, who spent most of her life in the Rupite area in the Kozhuh mountains, Bulgaria. Millions of people around the world were convinced that she possessed paranormal abilities. In her childhood, Vanga was an ordinary child with brown eyes and blonde hair. She grew up in poverty after her mother's demise. Vanga was considered intelligent for her age. Her inclinations started to show up when she herself thought out games and loved playing "healing" - she prescribed some herbs to her friends, who pretended to be ill. A turning point in her life was a tornado lifted Vanga up and threw her in a nearby field (this claim has not been verified with meteorological records from that time). She was found after a long search. Witnesses described her as very frightened, and  her eyes were covered with sand and dust, she was unable to open them because of the pain. There was money only for partial operation to he…

9/11 Conspiracies(Part-2)

These theories attribute to the planning and execution of the September 11,2001, attacks against the United States to parties other than,or in addition to , al-Qaeda including that there was advance knowledge of the attacks among high-level government officials. Government investigations and independent reviews have found no evidence for the theories. Proponents of these theories claim there are inconsistencies in the official conclusions, or evidence that was either ignored or overlooked. The most prominent conspiracy theory is that the collapse of the Twin towers and 7 World Trade Center were the result of a controlled demolition rather than structural failure due to impact and fire. Another prominent belief is that the Pentagon was hit by a missile launched by elements from inside the U.S. government or that a commercial airliner was allowed to do so via an effective stand-down of the American military. Possible motives claimed by conspiracy theorists for such actions include just…

9/11 (Part-1)

The 9/11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda on the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11,2001. The attacks killed 2,996 people, injured over 6,000 others, and caused at least $10 billion in property and infrastructure damage and $3 trillion in total costs. Four passenger airliners operated by two major U.S. passenger air carriers (United Airlines and American Airlines)- all of which departed from airports on the northeastern United states bound for california- were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists. Two of the planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in NY city. Within an hour and 42 minutes, both 110-story towers collapsed, with debris and the resulting fires causing partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the World Trade Center complex, including the 47- story 7 World …

Tabby Star

To wonder about the existence of yet another kind, enhances each of our curious minds. Expanding our thoughts out wide and open, here lies a discussion over the strangeness recently discovered. Tabby’s star (discovered by Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGT- a private network specifically designed to continuously monitor objects in space (under Tabetha S. Boyajian)) also known as KIC 8462852 or WTF (“Where’s the flux?”) star is an F-type main sequence star located in the constellation Cygnus approximately 454 parsecs (1,480 ly) from Earth. Unusual light fluctuations of this star were discovered by scientists as a part of the Planet Hunters project, and over September 2015 presented possible data and interpretations regarding its strange behaviour. Lead to this discovery was made from data collected by Kepler space telescope (which observes changes in brightness of distant stars to detect exoplanets (extrasolar planet that orbits a star other than sun)). Now, to tal…

Schrödinger's Cat

A life-altering idea, that contributed to many thoughtful insights, one among those many involve the Schrodinger’s cat paradox. Placing a cat, a flask of poison and a radioactive source (device with a vial of hydrocyanic acid, very less in quantity) in a box which is left sealed. If an internal monitor detects radioactivity (i.e., a single atom decaying), then the flask is shattered by a hammer, releasing the poison within the sealed box, making observations while the box was closed. The Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, in the 1920s’, implied that after a while, the cat is “simultaneously” dead as well as alive. In 1935 Sheldon Schrodinger corrected this problem by stating that this paradox states the probability of the possibility over the cat could be seen either dead or alive, but not both together at the same time, posing question of when exactly quantum superposition ends and in reality collapses into one possibility or the other. To further illustrate, Schrödinge…

Pulsar - Neutron Star

Inferno- Humanity's last hope?

Honestly, I'm that type of person who is easily manipulated by anyone or anything. An enthralling movie could easily affect me for days. I have always cherished my manipulative mind rather than execrating it ,though it caused me a great deal of wail than merriment .Ok now, We all know who Dante is, He was an Italian poet of the late middle ages. His Divine Comedy , is considered as the greatest literary work and a masterpiece of world literature. His quotes are known to be eerie and opulent. He was the major talking point in the novel Inferno by Dan Brown. Dante inspired this particular character Bertrand Zobrist, who practically plays the antagonist. He's a billionaire and a genetic engineer who tries to save the world in his own ways. He thought world's overpopulation can be a problem for the future of human race. Few of his quotes are sensational like this one,
"...consider this. It took the earth's population thousands of years-from the early dawn of man all …

Particle Accelerator

A "particle accelerator" sounds like it'd be a contrivance straight from a sci-fi novel, because most of us don't really quite understand how they work. But some of us know, how The Flash got his powers from an explosion caused by the particle accelerator,and the Meta-Human thesis etc. Having mentioned all that, Particle accelerators are real, and they're used by physicists all over the world to investigate the structure of atomic particles. The largest one in existence is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC),
located under France-Swiss border near Geneva. But its not the first, In fact particle accelerators have been around since 1930s, although in smaller sizes compared to LHC.
'A particle accelerator is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well defined beams. Large accelerators are used in particle physics as colliders, or as synchrotron light sources for the study of condensed matt…

Shape Memory Alloys- An Insight

To understand the importance of this topic, first we need to know it’s practical use and other applications. Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are an unique class of multi-functional materials that have the ability to recover large deformations or generate high stresses in response to thermal, mechanical and electromagnetic stimuli.They display two distinct crystal structures or phases: Martensite and Austenite. Determination of their phase depends on temperature and internal stresses (which play a part in super-elasticity). Martensite exists at lower temperatures and Austenite at higher temperatures.When a SMA is in Martensite form, the metal can be easily modified into any shape. Alloy on heating, goes through transformation from Martensite to Austenite, after which they convert themselves back to Martensite as Austenite is not stable at room temperature and systems are more stable at lower temperatures. Memory transfer temperatures can be altered by slight changes in composition and by s…

Fermi Paradox

Astronomers says it could take about 1,500 years before earth could have a possible alien entry. This,they argue is because of the sheer size of the Milky way and the amount of time that it will take to receive our signals and respond. Patience is a virtue, they say. Whether you're waiting in a queue or waiting to finally talk with an alien. According to recent informations, Cornell astronomers say that, due to the sheer size of the Milky way, it will take a while [about 1,500 years] before earthlings can reasonably expect to hear back from any extraterrestrials who could've picked transmissions from earth. "We haven't heard from aliens yet, as space is a big place- but that doesn't mean no one is out there. It's possible to hear any time at all, but it becomes likely we will have heard around 1,500 years from now," says astronomy student Evan Solomonides from cornell University.
Solomonides is also the Co-author of a new study that analyzes what's k…

Bionic Leaf

From the science that we know, through this world that we show, using electricity, Scientists have figured out how to harness solar energy from photovoltaic cells to yield hydrogen that can be later used in fuel cells. Photosynthesis process involves solar energy converted into sugar molecules from air and water, that can feed the biotic component. Bionic leaves are artificial leaves that have mastered the art of this process using catalyst to make sunlight split water into hydrogen and oxygen, with a bacterium engineered to convert CO2 and Hydrogen into liquid fuel. Harvard University had assigned work on this particular project but latter results proved the fact that there was no practical usage of this Hydrogen produced. The findings are published Feb. 9 in PNAS. The co-first authors are Joseph Torella, a recent PhD graduate from the HMS Department of Systems Biology, and Christopher Gagliardi, a postdoctoral fellow in the Harvard Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology. Pame…

A858

There are few prospects more enticing than the possibility that one has stumbled upon a genuine mystery, one that might be solved with a combination of diligence and brain power. It is the pivotal theme for legion of movies, books and TV shows especially the ones dealing with spies and detectives. The reddit community was introduced with such a mystery, a little over 5 years ago. A weird Subreddit known as ' r/A858DE45F56D9BC9 ' , which contains only strings of letters and numbers appeared on the site. To the casual eye, there wasn't much to see. The subreddit shared the same inscrutable set of numbers and letters as its moderator; the sidebar and comments provided no clarifying information. This particular mystery lacked its banal. Like one of many subreddits, which just confuses the user. But even then it seemed to serve some unknown private purpose. Its not perspicuous how the reddit community discovered A858's existence. Cryptic puzzles and group efforts to solve …

Polymeric Falcighol Derivation.

This particular hoax to a specific reality relation is assumed to be via quantum computing. Quantum mechanics involves transfer of particles that lead us to closed shell system. Closed shell system involves systems that are not connected directly to the Internet and are only accessible via a rare LAN network or accessing the system manually. Plethora of myths on this particular derivation is basically due to its non-existent evidence under practical usage, which is also said to be an ignored idea that belonged Einstein.
Einstein had discovered cosmological constant, as an addition to his theory of general relativity to "hold back gravity" and achieve a static universe, later abandoned due to Hubble’s theory of universe expansion. This constant was then assumed to be 0 by the researchers hence proving the energy density of vacuum state to be 0. Further development in this field (early 19th centuries), proved his theory on “anti-gravity” / repulsion force attributed to dark m…

Quantum Computing.

Quantum Computing as we know involves computer design and features with devices that practically works on the principle of quantum physics, where the computational power has been increased beyond what is attainable through classical mechanics. These computers have been now developed on the small scale and the potential output using quantum mechanics lie far off from computers that we use on normal basis. They store data in the form of qubits. Qubits are quantum analogue of classical bits , involving Boolean logic. Advantage of this computing involves superposition of two states known to us 0 and 1 along with 0 and 1 individually , that could store more data hence enhancing the performance of basic computers that consist of on and off states only. For instance ; Solving a 64-bit encryption (coding) key today about 2 to the power of 64 operations (which takes approx. 292.5 years) vs. 64 bit quantum computer taking one operation.
These computers are built up using semiconducting devices…

Madala Boson.

Physicists have discovered signals of new particle in the swathes of data used to confirm the existence of the Higgs boson back in 2012, and have tentatively named it the Madala Boson.

The signal was first detected in data from the 2012 Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments at CERN, and has now bee supported by repeat experiments in 2015 and 2016. Nothing's confirmed just yet, but the case is getting stronger. The group behind the discovery, the High Energy Physics Group (HEP) from the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa, suggest that if their 'Madala hypothesis' is correct , it could help us make sense of dark matter's place in the Universe. Estimated to make up around 27% of all the mass and energy in the observable universe , we know dark matter exists because we can detect its gravitational force, but it doesn't appear to emit any form of light or radiation that we can observe. And despite years of searching, no one actually knows what dark matte…